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Christianity began in 4 BCE by Jesus Christ. The main belief of Christianity is that its founder is God. Jesus lived about 30 years. He was born into a peasant family. Unlike the Buddha, Jesus did not have a wealthy earthly kingdom. Jesus instead spoke of a kingdom for those who would believe that he, Jesus, was who he said he was. The Bible is the main text by which Christians look to for understanding on what Jesus taught. While on the earth Jesus did many miracles. The first one recorded in the Bible was when Jesus was at a wedding ceremony and there was no wine for the guests. Jesus took jars containing water and turned them into wine. Jesus claimed to come to earth as a man to show humankind the way to redemption. According to Christianity humankind had sinned in the garden and been separated from God because God could no longer commune with humans because of the sin recorded in Genesis chapter 3. After God created the heavens and the earth he created man and the animals. At their creation, Adam and Eve were perfect and without sin. God would come to the garden where Adam and Eve lived and commune. God gave Adam and Eve one command. That one command was to not eat from the tree of knowledge. Adam and Eve disobeyed and ate from the tree. Because of their disobeying of God’s command, Adam and Eve were expelled from the garden and separated from God. In other words, humankind had once been conjoined with God without barrier, but because of their sin or act of disobedience humans were now separated.
There are two sections in the Bible, one called the Old Testament and the other called the New Testament. The Old Testament records the history of humans before the birth of Jesus and the New Testament records the life and times of Jesus. The main theme in the Old Testament is God trying to gather a nation of people who would serve him. The people he chose were the Jewish people. Through a series of events such as the exodus from slavery in Egypt to the dying off of unbelievers in the desert, God managed to filter out most unbelievers to what he considered a nation of people that would be devoted to him. During the latter portion of the Old Testament, the Bible records a series of prophets, or people proclaiming God’s truth. The prophets foretold of a savior and king to be born into human existence. This savior would once and for all extinguish the sin that had separated humankind since Adam and Eve.
The Jews who now considered themselves as being God’s people looked forward to the coming of their savior and king. When Jesus was born he was not born though into a kingly household. Throughout his life he did not build an army, raise a conspiracy to over through the dominant Roman government. He lived a life of servitude and witness. He told people that he was the son of God and that he was God. He also said that for humankind to be rejoined to God, he Jesus would have to die and be raised to life again in order to fix sin. Jesus was not accepted as who he proclaimed he was. So at a point of crisis, the Jews put Jesus up for crucifixion to be killed by the Roman government as a criminal and a heretic. This is where Christianity began. Initially, eleven disciples of Jesus started Christianity. There were originally twelve but one hung himself after he had been instrumental in the death of Jesus. These eleven disciples were hiding in a house a couple of days after the death of Jesus when he appeared to them. They believed that he had died and risen and been the supreme sacrifice that would bring those humans who believed in him back to communion with God. The word Christian was initially given to those people at the time of Jesus who believed in his teaching. The label actually was a negative one because of the negative feelings toward Jesus by the Jewish leaders and the Roman government. So Christians were considered people who followed the teachings of Jesus. Jesus had come to earth lived, died, and ultimately according to the Bible fixed sin by paying a perfect sacrifice. So in order for a man to be saved from Hell, all he had to do is believe in Jesus as God and he would in the present life and the afterlife be rejoined with God (John 3:16 17).
Christianity believes that man is born with a soul and a propensity for a mind. The soul is separate from the body and mind, and yet it’s one package, i.e. what one does, the other two know about. You can sin, commit adultery, and even though the body did it, the mind realized it, and the soul was corrupted because of it. The idea of a soul in a person is fixed. “That he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man (Ephesians 3:16). This inner man or soul is there at birth and it is there at death. When God created Adam and Eve he created them with a soul. And when they committed their act of disobedience their soul became corrupt. This is a popular belief with Christianity that the soul of man can be corrupted. Any act or desire that is not one that God condones is considered sin and will corrupt the soul “That ye put off … the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts; and be renewed in the spirit of your mind; and that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness (Ephesians 4:22-24). This corruption can cause a person to stop following the teachings of Jesus and eventually lose their soul to damnation or hell. Hell is an eternal separation from God. The majority of Christianity believes that hell is a place of torment. But all of Christianity believes that hell is a place of eternal separation from God. Death for the Christian soul is a one-way ticket to an end. Unlike Buddhism in which definite reincarnation is the outcome. Depending upon which the soul has earned. In Buddhism, the life energy after death is reincarnated instantly if ‘it’ did good in the previous life, if ‘it’ did evil then Hell is the place of residence until certain reincarnation takes place. God alone can destroy the soul Do not be afraid of those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather, be afraid of the One who can destroy both soul and body in hell Matthew 10:28 (English-NIV).
Because man is separated from God the only way to get back in communion is through the sanctification of the soul. The word sanctification means to separate, to come out of. The process of sanctification is cleansing. Unlike Islam or maybe Hinduism Christianity ultimately believes that the soul is determinably separated from the body. While there is obviously variability in any religion Christianity believes that foremost in importance is what condition the soul is in. An analogy might be at birth your soul is like a glass full of water. As you grow and become to understand who God is, you begin to make choices. From your first act of disobedience towards God, your glass spills water. And if you live a life in complete rebellion to God’s commandments, you eventually lose all the water in your cup and your soul becomes dry, or dead. But if you confess to God your wrongdoing, God begins to fill your cup back up, and when someone’s soul is completely sanctified, the cup if full He answered: “`Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind’ ; and, `Love your neighbor as yourself’ ” Luke 10:27 (English-NIV).
Christianity is built upon the faith in Jesus. So the body immediately does not determine the standing of a person in God’s eyes. In other words, humans are not judged according to what their body looks like, but as to the condition of their soul. It is that condition of the soul that determines where a person will spend eternity, or the afterlife, Heaven or Hell.
God, “First name unavailable.” The Holy Bible
A note of dislaimer for this section. During my research, I contacted many “Authorities” in this religion. None of my requests for information was givin consideration.